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Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery

CT SurgeryThis dept has the unique privilege of performing the first thoracic surgery in India in 1945 under the renowned Maj Leigh Collis. The first chest surgery was performed on 10 Dec 1945, and one of the earliest open heart operations in the country in 1969. Thereafter, the Dept has grown in leaps and bounds in the past few years and is well known in the field of cardiac and thoracic surgery the world over. Annually, the centre does approximately 550 cardiac and thoracic cases.

The centre has matched international expertise and results in surgery for Coronary Artery Disease. All types of surgeries for coronary artery diseases, including off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB), total arterial revascularization are done on a routine basis. The recently introduced Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery has also been performed at this centre.  The era of total arterial graft revascularisation was established in this centre in 2001 and the results are evident. 


Real progress has been made in the field of paediatric cardiac surgery, with complex congenital cases being operated upon regularly.  Arterial switch operation for TGA, Senning’s atrial switch operations, hypoplastic arch repairs, Extra-Cardiac Fontan, Rastelli operation using xenografts (bovine & porcine), are some of the complex  surgical procedures performed. Adult cardiac surgery included the Bentall operation and total aortic arch replacement. The centre has also been doing mitral valve repair along with CABG for ischaemic mitral regurgitation with excellent results.


All patients are given an illustrated book titled “Heart Surgery” which educates the patient on the lifestyle and the precautions to be taken.
The department boasts of a state-of-the-art ICU with contemporary monitoring and life saving equipment and a step-down post operative high dependency unit where all beds are now monitored with state of the art equipment and CCTV camera for relatives to see the patients without increasing ICU traffic.


Academic excellence has always been at the forefront pari passu with professional improvement. The 54th Annual conference of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgeons, organized by AFMC & MH CTC from 21 – 24 Feb 2008 was attended by 600 delegates from all over the country and 30 foreign delegates. It was a resounding success.
The dept is recognized by MUHS Pune for training:

  1. MCh Cardiothoracic Surgery: 1 candidate per year
  2. MS (Gen Surg) :  6 week capsule to candidates, 10/year from AFMC
  3. Cardiac Nursing Diploma Training in ICU/Intensive Cardiac Care
  4. Cardiac OT Nursing capsule courses for affiliated institutions
  5. Perfusionists undergo on-the-job training to suitably equip them for other Cardiothoracic Centres of the Indian Armed Forces

        An animal wet lab was established in Oct 2006 in the interest of training and innovation for all students and faculty members with hands-on training of surgical residents and nurses using specimens of heart and lung, with adequate instrumentation to recreate the atmosphere of the OT.  A well equipped air-conditioned Conference Room with Overhead LCD system for audiovisual lectures in the Dept. All essential manned PCs are linked to a central LAN server and medical personnel authorized with security access can refer online to medical literature round the clock.