The Department of Ophthalmology was established on 16 June 1965. This department is a tertiary care Ophthalmic Centre which caters to the training of undergraduates, post graduates, nursing cadets & paramedical ophthalmic staff. The post graduate residency programme is elaborate and training is imparted in various sub-specialities including cornea, glaucoma, retina, squint, oculoplasty and cataract. The vitreo-retinal centre of this department caters to all vitreo-retinal cases of Southern Command and civilians in Pune and various parts of Maharashtra. It is one of the few premier institutes where intravitreal injections for various macular disorders and complex vitreoretinal surgeries for Retinal Detachment and diabetic retinopathy are carried out free of cost. Regular diagnostic and surgical eye camps with free foldable intra ocular lens implantation are carried out in which the undergraduates and postgraduates actively participate. The department is actively involved in conducting annual workshops in retina, fundus fluorescein angiography and age related macular degeneration which are highly appreciated by the faculty and post graduate students from surrounding medical colleges.
The department regularly organizes CMEs and updates at local and at National level. Some of the notable conferences held at AFMC are as follows Recent advances in ophthalmology and perspectives for the AFMS, Neuro ophthalmology update, Instructional course on automated perimetry and a Seminar on Anti VEGFs in AMD in the year 2010 and a CME on Current Concepts and Future Trends in Ophthalmology in Jun 2012. Residents actively participate in presenting interesting cases in the Poona Ophthalmological Society monthly and annual meetings. The department is a recognized centre for conducting the DNB examinations and imparts training to the DNB candidates during mock examinations.